Sales of investment and vacation homes jumped in 2011 to their highest levels since 2005, according to the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.
NAR’s 2012 Investment and Vacation Home Buyers Survey shows investment-home sales surged an extraordinary 64.5% to 1.23 million last year from 749,000 in 2010. Vacation-home sales rose 7.0% to 502,000 in 2011 from 469,000 in 2010.
Vacation-home sales accounted for 11% of all transactions last year, up from 10% in 2010, while the portion of investment sales jumped to 27% in 2011 from 17% in 2010.
Vacation homes are recreational properties you buy for your personal use, while investment homes are properties you buy to rent to others.
Investors with cash took advantage of market conditions in 2011, said NAR Chief Economist Lawrence Yun.
“During the past year investors have been swooping into the market to take advantage of bargain home prices,” he said. “Rising rental income easily beat cash sitting in banks as an added inducement. In addition, 41% of investment buyers purchased more than one property.”
Yun said the shift in investment buyer patterns in 2011 shows the market, for the large part, is able to absorb foreclosures hitting the market.
“Small-time investors are helping the market heal since REO (bank real estate owned) inventory is not lingering for an extended period. Any government program to sell REO inventory in bulk to large institutional companies should be limited to small geographic areas. Even where alternatives are needed, it’s best to rely on the expertise of local businesses, nonprofit organizations, and government,” he said.
Cash is king
All-cash purchases have become fairly common in the investment- and vacation-home market during recent years: 49% of investment buyers paid cash in 2011, as did 42% of vacation-home buyers. Half of all investment home purchases in 2011 were distressed homes, as were 39% of vacation homes.
“Clearly we’re looking at investors with financial resources who see real estate as a good investment and who aren’t hesitant to use cash,” Yun said. Of buyers who financed their purchase with a mortgage, large down payments were typical. The median down payment for both investment- and vacation-home buyers in 2011 was 27%.
The survey also found:
- The median investment-home price was $100,000 in 2011, up 6.4% from $94,000 in 2010.
- The median vacation-home price was $121,300, down 19.1% from $150,000 in 2010.
- The average investment-home buyer is 50 years old, earns $86,100, and bought a home that was relatively close to their primary residence — a median distance of 25 miles, although 30% were more than 100 miles away.
“The share of investment buyers who flipped property remained low in 2011, and many of those homes likely were renovated before reselling,” Yun said.
Five percent of homes purchased by investment buyers last year have already been resold, up from 2% in 2010. The typical investment buyer plans to hold the property for a median of 5 years, down from 10 years for buyers in 2010.
- The typical vacation-home buyer was 50 years old, earns $88,600, and purchased a property 305 miles away from his home; 35% of vacation homes were within 100 miles and 37% were more than 500 miles. Buyers plan to own their recreational property for a median of 10 years.
- Eighty-two percent of vacation-home buyers bought the home to use for family vacations, 30% plan to live there in the future, and 22% plan to rent to other.
- Half of investment buyers bought the property to generate rental income, and 34% wanted to diversify their investments or saw a good investment opportunity.
- Sixteen percent of vacation buyers and 14% of investment buyers purchased the property for a family member, friend, or relative to use. In many cases the home is intended for a son or daughter to use while attending school.
- Eight out of 10 second-home buyers said it was a good time to buy. Nearly half of investment buyers said they were likely to purchase another property within two years, as did one-third of vacation-home buyers.
Currently, 42.1 million people in the U.S. are ages 50-59 — a group that has dominated second-home sales since the middle part of the past decade. An additional 43.5 million people are 40-49 years old, while another 40.2 million are 30-39.
“Given that the number of people who are in their 40s is somewhat larger than the 50-somethings, the long-term demographic demand for purchasing vacation homes is favorable because these younger households are likely to enter the market as their desire for these kinds of properties grows, and individual circumstances allow,” Yun said.
NAR’s analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data shows there are 8.0 million vacation homes and 42.8 million investment units in the U.S., compared with 75.3 million owner-occupied homes.