1. Not getting a quote from your current lender
Unless you hate the lender you’re with now, start your refinance shopping there. Since the company already has a (we hope) good relationship with you, they’ll probably be anxious to retain your mortgage business. If you bypass your current lender, you may miss out on the fastest, easiest trip through underwriting.
However, if you’ve gotten horrible service, you can ask for a rate quote anyway and use it to comparison shop other lenders’ deals.
2. Having too many bills and too little money
Lenders look at how much income you make and how much money goes toward your bills each month. If you’ve got a lot of debt and high monthly payments, your lender might decide you don’t have enough cash left over to pay the new mortgage — even if the new payment is lower than your current payment. The remedy? Pay off as many outstanding bills as you can before seeking a refinance.
3. Maxing out your credit
A portion of your credit score is calculated by comparing the total credit you have with the credit you’re actively using. Say the credit lines on all your credit cards add up to $50,000. If you’ve maxed out your credit, that’s a red flag for your lender.
However, if you’ve only used, say, $10,000, you situation looks under control. Pay down debt if you can before you refinance. Here are some tips to help you improve your credit score.
4. Using credit to make big purchases right after you apply
Don’t buy a new car, don’t finance new appliances, and don’t take out a student loan between the time you apply for a refinance and the day you get your loan funded. Adding any new debts or monthly bills changes your financial situation. Your lender might decide you now have too much debt or too little income to get the refinance.
5. Having unfinished remodeling projects
If your lender sends an appraiser out to value your house and you’ve ripped the siding off the front of your house, your unfinished project can derail your refinance.
A lender will only give you a refinance if it thinks it can sell your house if you don’t make the mortgage payments. A half-finished project would bring only half-hearted purchase offers at a foreclosure sale.
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